Eggplant Its history is very old and it is considered as a vegetable of India. There are speculations that it got its name brinjal because it is innocuous. But there is no merit in this speculation. Eating brinjal not only keeps obesity under control, it also keeps the mind healthy. It is also believed that brinjal should be consumed to keep the food balanced. Brinjal is also called the king of vegetables, but this claim does not have merit.
Brinjal is the ancient diet of India
Brinjal was considered wild thousands of years ago, but after knowing its properties, it started being cultivated. Dr. Bishwajit Chaudhary, a botanist and author, considers brinjal to be a vegetable of India and also says that it is being eaten as a vegetable in the country since ancient times. Indian American botanist Dr. Sushma Naithani has informed in her research report that the origin center of brinjal is the Indo-Burma subcentre, which includes the Assam region of India and neighboring Myanmar. But the big question is in which century or period brinjal originated and how did it reach the whole world.
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Information from Harappan Civilization
By the way, a report has confirmed that brinjal was consumed in the Harappan civilization. According to a BBC report, in 2010, researchers analyzed food items found during excavations in the Farmana area located in Rakhigarhi, the largest city of the Harappan civilization. In these, archaeologists Arunima Kashyap and Steve Weber from Vancouver University and Washington State University discovered the world’s oldest vegetable (ripe) in an earthen pot by performing starch analysis, which was made by adding eggplant, ginger and turmeric. This meant that brinjal was included in food 4000 years ago. It was a sour-sweet brinjal vegetable. This excavation also confirmed that ginger and turmeric were also being used during that period.
Brinjal was included in food 4000 years ago.
Brinjal’s world tour is thrilling
Despite all this, there is no description of brinjal (Sanskrit names Vartaki and Bhantaki) in India’s ancient Ayurvedic text ‘Charakasamhita’, written 700-800 BC. On this issue, Ayurvedacharyas say that it is possible that brinjal is being used as a wild vegetable at that time, so its characteristics are not mentioned in the book. The world tour of brinjal is thrilling. From India it reached China. The merchants who came to India carried it to Arabia and Persia. Portuguese merchants took it to Brazil. After this it was cultivated in Southern Europe and Southern United States. It is said that in the early 1800s, American people used to grow it as a decoration in their gardens, because white, blue, black eggplant was pleasing to their eyes.
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It is effective in keeping the body fit
Do not make the mistake of mistaking brinjal as innocuous. If we talk about the nutrients present in 100 grams of brinjal, then it contains carbohydrate 4%, protein 1.4%, fat 0.3%, then dietary fiber is up to 9%. Apart from this, many minerals including 20% different types of vitamins and 26% iron-calcium are also present in it. Both science and ayurveda believe that the combination of nutrients present in brinjal is necessary to make any food a balanced meal. The special thing is that 100 grams of brinjal contains only 24 kcal. That is, there is no less nutrients in it to keep the body fit. By the way, those who love brinjal call it the king of vegetables, but it does not have the power. Just above it is like a crown, so they found the image of the king in it.
The combination of nutrients present in brinjal is essential to make any meal a balanced meal.
The elements present in the peel are beneficial for the brain
Due to these characteristics, weight can be controlled by consuming brinjal. Due to low carbohydrates and high fiber, it also becomes the right diet for diabetic patients. In the research done on brinjal, it has been described as brain food i.e. beneficial for the brain. This is because of its peel, which contains a powerful antioxidant that prevents the decay of brain cells. According to food expert and home chef Simmi Babbar, the consumption of vitamin B6, folate (B9), B5, potassium, mango in brinjal helps in keeping the stomach clean. By consuming it, bad cholesterol inside the body can be reduced. Its consumption is helpful in the joints of the body. It gives strength to the heart. It is beneficial in heart diseases and vata diseases. Bharta of brinjal roasted on fire pacifies pitta and eliminates vata and pitta diseases.
Consumption of vitamin B6, folate (B9), B5, potassium, mango in brinjal helps in keeping the stomach clean.
Avoid its consumption for those with kidney problems
By the way, it is necessary to take some precautions regarding brinjal. Do not include brinjal in the diet if there is a problem of stones. Oxalate is found in large quantities in it, which causes damage in the problem of stones. Piles patients should also not consume it. Those who have problems with allergies should avoid the consumption of brinjal. There is a belief that in people suffering from depression, it can increase this problem further.
High Nicotine Levels in Eggplant
According to a research report published in the New England Journal of Medicine in the year 1993, eggplant has the highest levels of nicotine than any other vegetable. But it is in such a small quantity that it cannot harm the body like a cigarette. According to the report, to get the amount of nicotine in a cigarette, 20 to 40 pounds of brinjal would have to be eaten.
Tags: food, Lifestyle
FIRST PUBLISHED : July 13, 2022, 08:28 IST