CBC Blood Test: CBC ie Complete Blood Count is a normal blood test. Many diseases can be detected by this. White blood cells, red blood cells and platelets present in the blood are mainly counted through this test. Apart from this, it gives information about the level of many other things present in the blood. The CBC report mainly gives information about diseases like anemia, infection, heart disease and cancer. Generally doctors get CBC test done to know the health condition. By the way, this test is also done during Routine Health Checkup.
red blood cells and heart attack
Red blood cells ie Red blood cells are the most common blood cells. It contains hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an important protein that supplies oxygen throughout our body. Hemoglobin and hematocrit are included in the counting of red blood cells. If the count of RBC i.e. hemoglobin or hematocrit in your blood is low, then you suffer from anemia. If this amount is more than the normal range, then your chances of suffering from polycythemia, heart disease or cardiac arrest increase.
What should be the range of RBC
- Hemoglobin – 13.5-17.5g/dL (Male)
- Hemoglobin – 12-15.5g/dL (female)
- Hematocrit – 0.33 – 0.42 (ratio)
- MCV (mean cell volume) – 74-87 fL
What is MCV? (What is MCV?)
MCV stands for Mean Cell Value. It is the amount of hemoglobin found inside a blood cell.
white blood cells and cancer
These are the second most important cells found in the blood. These cells enable us to fight against viruses, bacteria and parasites. If there is more WBC in the blood than the normal range, then there may be some kind of infection or inflammation behind it. These reports indicate some kind of problem in the bone marrow or immune system. Similarly, if the WBC count is low (low white blood cell count), then there are signs of many serious diseases. These indicate our body’s immunity, production of WBC and even cancer. Neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes and eosinophils – these are the four types of WBC. Their range should be this much.
WBC Report Range
- Neutrophils – 1.5 – 8 x 109/L
- Lymphocytes – 1.4 – 5.7 x 109/L
- Monocytes – 0.3 – 1 x 109/L
- Eosinophils – 0 -1 x 109/Lplatelets
Platelets are also a type of cells found in our blood. They keep running in our whole body. Blood clots only because of its presence in the blood. High or low platelets often point towards your medical condition. This also happens due to the side effect of any medicine.
Are platelets and WBCs the same?
Actually, three types of cells are found in our blood. These are RBC, WBC and Platelets. All three have clinical names as well. RBCs are named as Erythrocytes, WBCs are named as leukocytes and platelets are named as Thrombocytes.
What diseases are detected by CBC test? (What diseases can a CBC test detect?)
Anemia, autoimmune disorders, bone marrow disorders, dehydration, infections, inflammation, leukemia, lymphoma Many diseases like thalassemia and cancer are detected.
Generally the patient is not treated on the basis of CBC report. But, this lets the doctor know that there is a possibility of disease in our body. After this, the doctors further get other special blood tests done to confirm it. Further special tests are done keeping in mind the problems and symptoms you are facing.
CBC Test Cost
The cost of CBC test varies from lab to lab and city to city. The cost of this test in Max lab cbc test price in Delhi-NCR is Rs.350. The cost of this test in Dr. Lal Path Lab (Dr. lal pathlabs cbc test price) is Rs.399. Its investigation starts from Rs.200 in all the local labs. The cost of CBC test in Pathkind Labs (pathkind labs cbc test price) is also 350 rupees.
Understand CBC test report like this
Doctors study by understanding the CBC report and the symptoms of the body. Actually, our blood is made from the meeting of two things. First – plasma and second – cells. Plasma is the fluid by which cells survive. It is important to know here that only cells are counted in the CBC test.
Tags: cancer, cardiac arrest
FIRST PUBLISHED : December 09, 2022, 15:34 IST