Coffee is the second largest trade in the world after crude oil. Coffee is the only beverage that is most consumed after water. This means that there are some elements in coffee that attract the human body, its brain and its tongue very much. It has been the case that once the religious leaders considered the consumption of coffee to be anti-religious and tried to ban it like alcohol. But there was such a thing in coffee that by breaking all the ‘shackles’, it is showing its glory in the whole world today. The history of its discovery is also very interesting. She is ruling the whole world by leaving the area anonymously.
Many strong flavors derived from the original flavor of coffee
Coffee is a fruit, which is prepared by grinding after breaking it from the tree. It has such an ‘intoxication’ that large companies, other than people, have infused many flavors into its original seed, but retain the sensation and excitement of the taste. Today, in addition to black coffee, there are Espresso, Cappuccino, Americano, Irish, Turkish Italian Espresso, Latte waters all over the world. Arriving at any airport or major railway station in the world, you will be seen welcoming great coffee chains, including the most famous Nescafe, apart from the outlets of Starbucks, Cafe Nero, Costa Grace etc. What is it in coffee, while experts say that coffee is not a cure for any problem or disease, it can only be helpful in its prevention and reducing the effect to some extent.
coffee from ethiopia
Let us first talk about the history of coffee. Indian-origin Sushma Naithani, Associate Professor of the Department of Botany and Pathology of Oregon State University in America, wrote in her Hindi book ‘Anna Kahan Se Aata Hai’, in the chapter ‘Colonial Agriculture: Plantation Story’ about the history and spread of coffee. I have given detailed information and told how coffee, tea and sugarcane strengthened the slavery system. According to the book, the people of Ethiopia were the first to recognize the invigorating properties of coffee in the ninth century. Legend has it that a shepherd named ‘Kaldi’ of a hill village saw his goats jumping frantically after eating the plum of a bush. When he put some berries in his mouth out of curiosity, he felt refreshed and the tiredness of the whole day started disappearing. This incident gave recognition to coffee for the first time.
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Real start from Yemen, sanctions also imposed
By the way, drinking coffee started in Yemen in the 13th century. The Sufis and religious people there roasted it and made powder and started drinking it after boiling it in water. After drinking this, they were helped in reading, writing and religious discussions, because they suddenly started getting energy and fatigue would disappear. Gradually it became popular and coffee houses (Kahwa Ghar) were opened all over Arabia. Apart from the common people, travellers, artists, litterateurs, religious leaders would meet there and talk on topics from around the world. There were a lot of political debates. This increased resentment in the government. It is said that between the 16th to the 17th century, many Arab countries including Turkey, Mecca, Egypt banned these Kahwa houses, but the faster they were closed, the faster they would open.
Coffee drinking started in the 13th century in Yemen.
Coffee houses said to be worse than bars
During this time, people of Europe were introduced to coffee only in the 17th century. Turkish Ambassador Suleiman Agha introduced it to the royal court of Paris, who became crazy about it. By the end of this century, coffee houses had become common in all major cities of Europe. By the year 1715, more than 2000 coffee houses had opened in London itself. These coffee houses also became centers of social and political debate. At that time some scholars believed that coffee houses were worse than canteens and could become conspiracy centers. The special thing is that Charles II said in the year 1675 that dissatisfied people meet in the coffee house and spread propaganda against the power.
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Coffee seeds stolen in India
Until the 17th century, coffee was cultivated only in North Africa and Arab countries. Arab merchants were cautious about the monopoly that coffee should not go out of their country. They did not tell its cultivation and processing to anyone. Only boiled or roasted coffee grains could go outside Arabia, so that their plants could not be grown. Foreigners were not allowed to visit the coffee farm. It is said that around 1600 the Sufi pilgrims, Baba Budan, were successful in stealing seven coffee seeds from Arabia for the first time. He grew coffee for the first time in Mysore, South India. In the year 1616, a Dutch spy stole coffee seeds from Arabia, from which the Dutch East India Company started coffee plantations in Java, Sumatra, Bali, Sri Lanka, Suriname. In these plantations, the native people were made to work as slaves and they were exploited a lot. This was the time when coffee started appearing on the table of the whole world.
Coffee was grown for the first time in Mysore, South India.
Highest quality in India’s coffee
Coffee is the most popular drink in the world today after water. Nowadays, most of the coffee is produced in Latin America, Africa and Asia. Brazil and Colombia are at the forefront of coffee production. After that it is produced in Indonesia, Mexico, Guatemala, India, Yungada countries. Indian coffee is considered to be of the best quality in the world, as it is grown in the shade, whereas all over the world coffee is grown in direct sunlight. Karnataka accounts for 53 percent of coffee production in India, 28 percent in Kerala and 11 percent in Tamil Nadu. About 80 percent of the coffee produced in India is exported. Coffee business is the largest business in the whole world after crude oil.
The whole game of ‘caffeine’
So after all, what is the reason for coffee that its demand is more than its production even today. According to a research by the US-based National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), coffee provides energy to the body.
Works to balance. This increases alertness in the body, as well as can improve the performance of daily activities. According to another research, consuming caffeinated beverages improves cognitive (brain related) activities, as well as improves metabolism, that is, the process of making energy from food. The caffeine in coffee is what makes it popular.
About 80 percent of the coffee produced in India is exported.
Properties mentioned in many research reports
Continuous research is going on all over the world on coffee. A research on NCBI says that drinking 4 cups of coffee daily can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by 30 percent. Another research states that coffee consumption improves insulin sensitivity, which may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. The caffeine present in coffee exhibits a neurostimulant stimulating the nervous system and neuroprotective effects that protect the nervous system.
This can help reduce the risk of Parkinson’s to some extent.
Another research reported that people who consumed 4 cups of coffee daily had lower levels of enzymes called Aspartate Aminotransferase and Alanine Aminotransferase. An increased amount of both these enzymes damages the liver. This simply means that coffee is also beneficial for the liver. One
Other research says that women who consume coffee regularly may have a lower risk of developing depression.
Drinking too much coffee can harm
According to Food Expert and Nutrition Consultant Nilanjana Singh, there is a ‘tingling’ in coffee, that is why it is helpful in increasing energy and agility. Regular consumption of coffee can help in reducing the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease to some extent. The caffeine content, which is prominently present in coffee, can be beneficial for the skin. This is the reason why it is being used in many cosmetic products. But consuming too much coffee can harm the body. This can lead to insomnia and nervousness, along with increased heartbeat, nausea and headache. Consuming too much of it can upset the stomach. People with high blood pressure should avoid excessive consumption of coffee.
Tags: coffee, Food, Lifestyle
FIRST PUBLISHED : July 10, 2022, 08:31 IST