Explainer: What is the relation of the upcoming 500 crore film PS-1 with the mighty Chola Raja?

Highlights

The film tells the story of the mighty Chola emperor Rajaraja Chola.
This historical film was shot in South India, Sri Lanka and Thailand
The Chola dynasty was such a dynasty of South India, which spread its empire beyond

These days the epic films of South India are in full swing in North India or rather in the whole country. After the success of Bahubali, the big budget films of South are becoming a big hit. Generally, these films have been shot in a very powerful manner on the silver screen, taking inspiration from the true story of history, kings or personalities. A similar film is in discussion these days even before its release. Its name is PS-1 which means Ponion Selvan Part 1. It is being told as the second big film of the country. Actually this film is based on the great Chola emperor Rajaraja Chola, who not only revived the weakened Chola empire but also transformed it again into a mighty one.

We will tell about this great emperor and the Chola Empire, but before that tell who is making this film. Which actors are working in this? It is the second most expensive film in India. The budget of PS-1 is 500 crores. Its director is Mani Ratnam. It stars actors like Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and Vikram Chiyan. Also artists like Karthi, Trisha Krishnan and Shobhita Dhulipala. Amitabh Bachchan can be seen in a small role in this. In this, VFX and graphics have been used extensively for special effects.

Mighty and smart since childhood

Like we have all the stories of his brave childhood before Chandragupta Maurya became the emperor. In the same way there are stories of the great Chola emperor Rajaraja Chola, whose childhood and youth showed valor, extraordinary bravery and sharp intellect. Mani Ratnam has made the subject of the film the same and presented it on the canvas in a grand manner. This hero is going to be brought to the audience by bringing him on the screen in the name of Ponnian Selvan.

A very ancient picture of the mighty Chola king Rajaraja Chola. (wikicommons)

This Chola king changed the fate of the dynasty

In fact, on the Chola king Rajaraja Chola, the well-known writer of South India, Kalki Krishnamurthy, wrote a hit novel in many parts by the name of Ponnian Selvan. The film is made on that. The film tells the story of the early days of Rajkumar Arulmojivarman, after which he becomes the great Chola emperor Raj Raj Chola. His reign lasts from 947 AD to 1014 AD i.e. 67 years. At the same time, South India sees a weakened Chola dynasty becoming very powerful. Efforts were made to bring this novel on the film screen in the past too, but the matter could not be made.

most powerful king

Raja Rajaraja Chola is said to be the most powerful king of the Chola dynasty. During his time the Chola Empire flourished and expanded. This empire spread not only to South India but also to other countries crossing the Indian Ocean.

Chola king Rajaraja statue built in the 10th century. It is evident from this statue that how much sculpture had developed during the Chola Empire at that time.

what was the chola dynasty

Chola was a dynasty of ancient India. The Tamil Chola rulers in many nearby countries, including South India, built a powerful Hindu empire between the 9th century and the 13th century, traces of which and old grand buildings are still found. The mention of Cholas dates back to very ancient times. It is mentioned in the inscriptions of Ashoka.

This dynasty was founded in Vijayalaya in 850 AD. This dynasty ruled for more than 400 years. However, when Vijayalaya died after the establishment, there was a mighty king named Parantaka in this clan, but he had to face many defeats in the last days. The foundation of the Chola Empire began to shake. Then King Raj Raj Chola not only established himself, but by winning one victory after the other, started merging all the states into the empire. After this, this dynasty ruled for a very long time.

The bronze statue of Nataraja was made during this dynasty.

Records show that the rule in the Chola Empire was well organized. The highest official of the state ruled with the advice of the king, ministers and state officials. The whole state was divided into several mandals. The mandals were divided into kottams or balanadu units. Then there were nadu (district), kurram (village group) and gramam. His government used to hold public meetings. They used to have a lot of power.

The Chola rulers were famous builders. Apart from irrigation system, construction of highways, he built big cities and huge temples. The Tanjore temple was built by him. Sculpture flourished a lot. Live and artistic sculptures began to be made from bronze and other metals. The bronze statue of Nataraja dancing is the gift of this empire. Literature progressed. Many famous epics and texts were composed.

Overall, it seems that the democratic system also flourished under monarchy in the Chola dynasty. Better administration with prosperity and cultural consciousness was the gift of this dynasty.

The most majestic king of the Chola dynasty, on whom Mani Ratnam is going to release a film titled Ponnian Selvan. His empire extended from Kalinga to the whole of South India and Sri Lanka, Maldives. (wikicommons)

Which religion did the Chola kings follow?

The Chola emperors were worshipers of Shiva but their policy was of religious tolerance. He also donated to Buddhists. Jains also practiced and propagated religion peacefully. In the history of Tamil literature, the Chola reign is called the ‘Golden Age’.

Now the talk of the film’s hero Raja

Raja Rajaraja Chola was the great emperor of the Chola dynasty of South India. Under his rule, the Cholas extended their empire to Sri Lanka in the south and Kalinga in the north. Rajaraja Chola also conducted several naval campaigns, as a result of which the Malabar Coast, Maldives and Sri Lanka were captured.

His original name was Arulmoli, also known as Arulmozhi. It is said that Arulmoli kept Rajaraja himself, it meant the king of kings.

The Brihadishvara temple at Thajore was built by Raja Rajaraja. This huge temple, built in the 10th century, still stands as it is. Now included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

had a very strong navy

The manner in which Raja Rajaraja Chola won by fighting wars in many countries of the Indian Ocean, it is evident that his navy was ahead of time and was well organized and equipped with the necessary weapons. There were very skilled sailors in the Navy.

Rajaraja had done many marriages

Rajaraja married many women. At least a dozen beautiful queens are mentioned. But despite so many queens, his children were few. He had three daughters and two sons. The name of the eldest son was Rajendra, who later became the mighty ruler of the Chola dynasty. His elder sister Kunaldevai used to help him in administration and management of temples.

The special things of the Chola dynasty are also

The first information about the Cholas comes from Ashtadhyayi by Panini.

Other sources of information about the Chola dynasty are – Katyayana’s ‘Vartika’, ‘Mahabharata’, ‘Sangama Sahitya’, ‘Periplus of the Erythrian Sea’ and mention of Ptolemy.

The Chola kingdom extended to the modern Kaveri river valley, Coromandel, Trichanapali and Tanjore.

There was no one permanent capital of this state.

On the basis of evidence, it is believed that their first capital was ‘North Manlur’. Then ‘Uraiyur’ and ‘Thanjavur’ became the capital of the Cholas.

The official symbol of the Cholas was the tiger.

Tags: mani ratnam, South Indian Films, South Indian Movies

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