Juvenile Arthritis: Arthritis occurring in children under the age of 15, stunted bone growth

Highlights

When juvenile idiopathic arthritis is severe, the growth of children’s bones slows down.
Sometimes this disease also affects the heart, kidney and endocrine system of children.
This disease can affect the life of the child if care is taken about it.

New Delhi. At one time, the disease of arthritis was seen in people only after one age, but now this disease has started affecting young children and youth as well. The special thing is that apart from young children, this disease is also being seen in adolescent children up to 14-15 years of age. Due to which children also have to deal with problems of joint pain and stiffness in hands and feet. According to experts, the problem of arthritis in children has increased since the arrival of the corona virus. At the same time, symptoms of Juvenile Arthritis are also visible in children who have been affected by diseases like Dengue and Chikungunya.

Talking about India, the problem of arthritis is being seen in one child out of every 1000 children. It is of both chronic and acute type. In chronic, it remains for life, whereas in acute this disease suddenly comes in the body but after treatment it gets cured in about 6 weeks. However, its effect is also affecting other parts of the body like heart, kidney and lungs. Because of which its seriousness is increasing. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in Delhi in the Department of Orthopedics Professor Dr. Satish Kumar show that In 90 percent of children and adults affected by arthritis, this disease starts with the fingers of the hands and then it increases.

Cases increased after Kovid, Dengue and Chikungunya
Dr. Satish explains that this disease is visible at the acute level in children and youth who have been exposed to corona virus infection. The reason for this is that as soon as the antigen of the Kovid virus enters the child’s body, the body makes antibodies to fight it. In such a situation, the problem of arthritis occurs in the body due to the reaction of antigens and antibodies. this is the reason As a post covid effect, it is being seen that the problem of joint pain, stiffness of the limbs, etc. is being seen in children. However, children who have been infected with dengue or chikungunya also have this problem. Joint pain, especially in Chikungunya, sometimes lasts for a long time, it can also be due to arthritis. In such a situation, it is very important to protect against any viral infection or bacterial infection.

Impact on physical development of children
Dr. Satish explains that in most cases of children, cases of Acute Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis are seen, which gets cured after treatment. despite Although The effect of this disease is on the development of the bones of the growing children. Due to which the height of children can stop or grow at a slow pace. Apart from this, pain can also remain in the knee, hip, hand joints etc. of children.

Symptoms appear in the morning and evening
Professor says that whenever a child or elder has the problem of arthritis or arthritis, its symptoms such as joint pain i.e. joint pain and burning, redness of the skin etc., especially in the morning or at night. Its symptoms subside as the sun rises, but they increase again as the evening approaches and the weather cools. Apart from this, symptoms such as pain in fingers, joint pain, stiffness in any part of the body, fever, burning eyes, red rash on the joint, fatigue, loss of appetite and weight, high fever and swollen lymph nodes also emerge.

Parents of children should take these special precautions
, Try to protect children from any kind of viral or bacterial infection or vector borne disease etc.
, Take care of the cleanliness of the children’s clothes and food.
, Make arrangements to protect children from mosquito-borne diseases like dengue and chikungunya etc.
Since this disease bothers more in cold weather, so try to give necessary exercise to the children. So that the ability of the body to conserve heat is created.
, Give children foods rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins.
, If any joint pain or any other symptom is seen in children, then contact the doctor immediately without delay.

Tags:, Disease, Health

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