Sugar, born in India, came back after hundreds of years as ‘sugar’, its history is very interesting

Highlights

Consumption of sugar increases the risk of diabetes, obesity.
Eating too much sugar increases the risk of tooth decay.
First of all, sugar making was started in India itself.

Without sugar, human life is really dull. It is such a diet, which does not contain any vitamins nor minerals. Despite this, the whole world drools over its sweetness. Sugar (brown sugar) started to be made in India thousands of years ago, but it took hundreds of years for it to become white sugar. The history of this sugar, which gives sweetness to every age group, has been very bitter. The Chinese were once also called ‘white gold’. In India too, there has been rationing on sugar for years.

Calorie less, but that’s why obesity increases!

The ‘tightness’ of sugar is so dense that the whole life of a human being remains trapped in its taste. Everyone knows that excessive consumption of it causes diseases, but till death the man becomes crazy about its sweetness. It has virtually no vitamins nor minerals, fat or fiber. Whatever happens, it goes away during the refining process. It contains only calories. That too only 15-20 in a spoon, but it is considered a factor of obesity, because people eat more food (with it) apart from the dishes made from it.
Surprisingly, sweeteners (sugars) are found in many fruits, vegetables and other substances all over the world, but white granulated sugar can be made only from sugarcane and beet. In the Middle Ages, sugar (sugar) was considered a rare diet. During that time it was very expensive and only rulers and big businessmen had access to it. During this time it was also called ‘white gold’. In India, sugar has been available on the ration card for years.

Also read: Honey, rich in nutrients and sweetness, increases energy in the body immediately

Foreigners also believed that sugar originated in India

Jaggery from sugarcane juice and then sugar (brown sugar) was first started to be made in India itself. The reports of the country and abroad are proof of this. A research report titled ‘A history of sugar– the food nobody needs, but everyone craves’, published in a UK-based media outlet network called The Conversation It is given that ‘chemically refined sugar appeared in India about 2,500 (500 BCE) years ago. From there the technology spread east to China, and west to Persia and the early Islamic world, eventually reaching the Mediterranean in the 13th century. Cyprus and Sicily became important centers of sugar production.

White granulated sugar can be made only from sugarcane and beet.

Natural philosopher and historian Pliny the Elder (1st century), who wrote the encyclopedia ‘Naturalis Historia’, writes: ‘Sugar is also made in Arabia, but Indian sugar is better. It is a type of honey found in cane (sugarcane), which is as white as the gum, and it shrinks between the teeth.’

Also read: Makes Muscles And Bones Strong Chana Rich In Properties, Its History Is Fabulous

Description of sugar in Kautilya’s Arthashastra

In the chapter ‘Ikshuvarga:’ of the Ayurvedic text ‘Charakasamhita’, written in the 7th century BC, the information about making jaggery and sugar from sugarcane is given in detail and it has been told that the sugar is dry, Kai (Vomiting)]diarrhea. It destroys and expels the frozen phlegm in the body. Other properties of this have been mentioned. On the other hand, in the Arthashastra (350 BC) of the Indian scholar Kautilya, five types of sugar have been described, including jaggery and khand. There is no other ancient description than this about making sugar in the world. It is said that for the first time in the seventh century, through Arab traders, Khand reached Central Asia out of India, where many experiments were done on it. Egyptian craftsmen discovered methods to make brown granules, granulated white sugar, mishri nuggets and batash. It reached Europe in the 11th century, but it was not converted into white granulated sugar until then.

Granulated sugar started to be made from the blood and sweat of slaves

According to research reports, most of the people of the world were not aware of the sweetness of sugar till the 15th century. Then in the name of sweet, apart from the fruits, there was only honey to get the sweetness separately. It was clear that there was scope for sugar trade on a global scale. It was caught by the Portuguese merchants, after which the history of making sugar became ‘bitter’. They reached the Caribbean in the 15th century. The area was suitable for sugarcane cultivation and there was enough fuel in the forests to make sugar there. There was just a lack of people. They reached West Africa and brought African people there as slaves to the Caribbean. The process of slaves started and in 1505 the first sugar colony was established there.

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In Kautilya’s Arthashastra, five types of sugars including jaggery and khand have been described.

The Portuguese established such colonies over 20 years from Haiti and the Dominican Republic (formerly Spaniola) to Brazil on the basis of African slaves. Soon the merchants of Spain, France, Britain, Holland etc., under the sight of the Portuguese, established their own sugar colonies on the strength of slaves in the Caribbean islands, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil, Cameroon. In the meantime, European companies were opened for the purchase of slaves and for the next 300 years, more and more sugar was made on their strength. It was granulated sugar.

India arrived from China, hence called Chinese

By the way, white granulated sugar was not available in India for a long time. The raw material kept going out from here, but the advanced technology of making white granulated sugar did not reach here for centuries. In the memoirs of Italian merchant, explorer and ambassador Marco Polo in the 13th century, it is mentioned that the Chinese emperor Kublai Khan had brought artisans from Egypt, who taught the Chinese people to make white, white, granulated sugar. This technique reached India from China during the Mughal period and hence is called Chinese. If we talk about setting up a sugar mill, then the first record of the establishment of the first sugar mills in India is in 1610. It was then established at Masulipatam and Petapoli on the Coromandel Coast by the British merchant Captain Hippon, and later in 1612 at Surat on the west coast by other English merchants Captain Best and Downton.

It was used to heal wounds

Refined sugar has neither vitamins nor minerals. There are calories which are indirectly involved in increasing obesity. But sugar does have some ‘benefits’. In which it dissolves, it will fill ‘taste’. It has been learned that in ancient times, sugar was used to cure diseases ranging from eye diseases to fever and cough. Sugar also has healing powers which made it popular as a medicine in European countries.

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Excessive consumption of sugar can also cause inflammation in the body. it will ruin the teeth

It has also been used to heal wounds or wounds. The big advantage of sugar is that if it is used in limited quantity, it will add ‘taste’ (not nutritional element) to the tongue, and if it is consumed in excess, then it is a mine of diseases.

Sugar is ‘addiction’, can be addictive

According to Senior Dietician (Batra Hospital) Anita Lamba, there are some different types of benefits of sugar, such as it gives a ‘feel good’ experience in the mind. If someone is lean, it will help in increasing his weight. Whose BP is low, he will get it. But eating too much is a loss. Consuming too much sugar increases insulin resistance. Due to this the risk of obesity and diabetes increases. Due to excessive sugar in the blood, the resistance of insulin starts in the cells, due to which the sugar increases rapidly, which leads to the disease of diabetes. Surprisingly, like drugs, sugar can also increase the secretion of a hormone called dopamine in the brain. This can lead to addiction to sugar, which will only harm. Foods high in sugar increase uric acid in our blood. Due to this there may be problems like blood pressure and arthritis.

Use of jaggery/sugar or honey is a better option

They say that excessive use of sugar can spoil the appetite control system in the body, due to which people start eating more and become a victim of obesity. There has also been research that consuming more sugar can increase the risk of cancer. Excessive consumption of sugar can also cause inflammation in the body. This will not only spoil the teeth, but will also have a bad effect on the body’s immunity system. A great alternative to sugar is to use jaggery/sugar or honey instead. They have negligible harmful ingredients.

Tags: food, Lifestyle

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