Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Insulin : The disease of diabetes increases your anxiety somewhere. This is said because the patient suffering from diabetes remains worried about his blood sugar level all the time and at the same time, the choice of his diet has to be done very carefully. At present, diabetes has become a common disease, but some time ago it was found only in the elderly. Now its cases are also seen in young people. There are two types of diabetes, the first is type 1 diabetes while the second is type 2 diabetes.
Most cases of diabetes are of type 2 diabetes. Where we get type 1 diabetes genetically, the reason for type 2 diabetes is our poor lifestyle and poor diet. The increasing use of unhealthy foods has increased the number of cases of type-2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the level of glucose in the blood begins to rise
Insulin has an important function in our body and it is also closely related to type 2 diabetes. Health experts often give insulin injections to patients with type-2 diabetes. Let us know how insulin works in our body and how it affects diabetes and how insulin therapy is used.
Insulin is essential for health
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It separates the sugar from the food in our body and controls the level of glucose in the blood. It transports glucose from the blood to our cells, which helps in giving energy to the body. In type 2 diabetes, when our cells stop reacting to insulin, then the level of insulin starts increasing in such a state. When the body needs insulin, the pancreas cannot send insulin. This causes the level of sugar in the blood to become very high. If this problem persists for a long time, then our nerves, eyes and other organs start getting damaged.
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Insulin therapy can help lower your blood sugar
If you have type 2 diabetes, controlling your blood sugar level is very important for health. To control blood sugar, your doctor may give you the following advice:
- You change your lifestyle.
- non-insulin injectable drugs
- May resort to insulin therapy.
- Do weight loss exercises.
Types of Insulin: When the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, you are advised to take insulin. There are generally two types of insulin.
- mealtime insulin
- Slow and long acting insulin. This insulin is usually taken at night time.
There are many types and brands of insulin, but in the US there is one brand of insulin that is inhaled. It acts much faster than other types of insulin. It is not suitable for all people with type 2 diabetes.
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All insulin is injected
Apart from inhalable insulin, all types of insulin are given by injection. Intermediate and long-acting insulins are administered via injection only. Insulin can never be taken in pill form. Inslin is always injected under the skin. You can inject it in your thigh, abdomen, arm.
It may take time to deliver insulin
If you have been prescribed insulin therapy, it may take some time to give you insulin because first you have to know which type of insulin you will be given and what will be its dosage. You can get information about this from the blood sugar test. After taking insulin, you will be able to know through the test how your body is reacting with insulin.
side effects of insulin
In some cases insulin can also cause side effects in the body. These include the following symptoms…
low blood sugar
Pain or burning sensation where insulin is injected.
infection at the injection site
There may also be an allergy problem at the injection site.
FIRST PUBLISHED : October 10, 2022, 17:30 IST