Type 2 Diabetes Short-term Long Term Complications: Earlier, the problem of diabetes used to be a disease of elderly people, but in recent times, many cases have come to the fore in which the age of the victim was less than 40 years. In recent years, the disease of diabetes has increased rapidly and now it has become a common disease. The biggest reason for diabetes is the changed lifestyle of humans and consuming foods regardless of what is beneficial or harmful for our health. There are two types of diabetes in which type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are counted.
Generally, type 1 diabetes occurs due to genetic reasons, whereas type 2 diabetes is called by our habits. healthline According to the news of type 2 diabetes affects our whole body. Inadequately increasing the amount of sugar in the blood is a major cause of type 2 diabetes as well as it also causes many serious diseases. The longer you have diabetes, the more serious the problem will become, so it is necessary to start its treatment in time.
Type 2 diabetes has some short term complications while some problems are long term. Often people do not understand the difference between them. Let us know what are these complications after all…
Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes
Hypoglycemia is one of the most common short term effects of type 2 diabetes. In this, the level of sugar in the blood of the patient varies every day. It is to be noted that if your blood sugar becomes too low, it can be dangerous.
- Symptoms of hypoglycemia
- feeling weak
- sweating or feeling clammy
- dizziness with headache
- numbness in extremities
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Check your blood sugar to prevent hypoglycemia. If the blood sugar level is less than 70 mg/dL, try to increase it by following the American Diabetes Association’s “rule of 15-15”. Eat about 15 grams of carbohydrates, wait 15 minutes and test your blood again. If this sugar is still too low, repeat the rule again. Once things are back to normal, eat normal food.
In hyperglycemia, the amount of sugar in the blood increases. This happens when you consume more amount of carbohydrates and sugar.
Symptoms of hyperglycemia include:
- increased urination
If ketones are seen in your urine, then you should not exercise in this situation.
Ketoacidosis is also known as diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA. This is a serious and life-threatening condition in diabetes. Ketoacidosis occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body.
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Symptoms of ketoacidosis
- shortness of breath or heavy breathing
- dry mouth
- feeling nauseous and vomiting
- sense of fruity aroma
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state
This condition of diabetes is very rare as well as very serious. It is more dangerous for those who are older. Such people are at higher risk who are victims of any infection. Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic state/syndrome (HHNS) occurs when blood sugar levels are high but ketones are not present. If you feel its symptoms then you should get treatment immediately.
Symptoms of HHNS
- loss of vision
- weakness in one side of the body
- be confused
- frequent thirst
- body heat even when there is no fever
high blood pressure and heart attack
High blood pressure is the most common problem in type 2 diabetes. Patients with type 2 diabetes should have their blood checked frequently so that blood sugar and other information can be obtained. To control high blood pressure, low sodium food should be taken. Having high blood pressure also increases the risk of developing heart problems. There is also the possibility of having a heart attack due to this.
Long-term complications of type 2 diabetes
heart duct damage
Arteries can get damaged due to not managing blood sugar. Diabetes also raises triglycerides and LDL cholesterol, which is the “bad” cholesterol. It can clog the arteries thereby increasing the chances of heart attack manifold.
Patients with type 2 diabetes are also prone to stroke. Stroke occurs when a blood clot does not allow blood to reach the brain. According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes are 1.5 times more likely to have a stroke. Blood pressure, smoking, heart disease, high cholesterol and overweight increase the risk of stroke.
Eye problems: Patients with type 2 diabetes are also more prone to many eye problems. If the problem of diabetes persists for a long time, it can make the eyes weak. Diabetes can damage the tiny blood cells in your eyes. Diabetes increases the chances of glaucoma, cataract, diabetic retinopathy.
Sore feet: Type 2 diabetes damages the nerves, which can also lead to the problem of blisters in the feet. If it is not treated on time, then there is also a risk of spreading the infection.
Gastroparesis If the level of sugar in the blood remains high for a long time, it damages the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve is the nerve in the body that controls the movement of food in the digestive system. In gastroparesis, the vagus nerve gets damaged or stops working. When this happens, the stomach takes longer than it usually takes to empty itself.
Tags: diabetes, Health, Lifestyle
FIRST PUBLISHED : October 13, 2022, 15:30 IST