World Anaesthesia Day 2022: What is the effect of anesthesia on the body, from types to damage, know all here

Highlights

Experts give anesthesia to the patient before major operations and surgeries.
In normal operation, doctors give local anesthesia to the patient.

Types of Anaesthesia and Disadvantages: Today is World Anesthesia Day. Anesthesia is of great importance in the medical field. According to experts, the more important a surgeon is in a surgery and operation, the more important the place is of anesthesia. The arrival of anesthesia helped the health expert a lot in the surgery. Before the invention of anesthesia, the methods used to sedate human beings used to make the patient conscious for a long time, but now, with the help of anesthesia, it is possible to make the patient unconscious for only that time. Is. Anesthesia has brought a big change in the medical field.

What is Anesthesia? (What is Anesthesia)
Anesthesia is a substance. It is used before major operations and surgeries. The patient is sedated with the help of anesthesia so that there is no pain. Many times experts use anesthesia to reduce the pain of diseases like paralysis.

Types of Anesthesia
General Anesthesia: General anesthesia is a controlled method of sedation. In this, the patient is sedated for a fixed time. During this the patient does not feel anything. After regaining consciousness, you do not remember what happened during the anesthesia. General anesthesia is used during operations like heart, lung, stomach etc. Royal College of Anesthetists According to it, there are many types of anesthesia.

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Local Anesthesia
Local anesthesia is given to numb a small part of the body where the operation is to be performed. In such anesthesia you remain conscious but you do not feel pain. This anesthesia is used during treatment such as tooth extraction, eye treatment.

Regional Anaesthesia
In this type of anesthesia, pain-relieving drugs are injected into the nerves of a large or deep area of ​​the body. Due to this, that area of ​​the body becomes completely void and no pain is felt. usually it is lower

Spinal and Epidural Anaesthesia
Spinal and epidural are the most common types of regional anaesthetics. This type of anesthesia is generally used for lower body operations. Such as caesarean section, bladder operation or hip replacement. In this you remain conscious, but do not feel pain.

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The other type of anesthesia is sedation in which sleep-like state occurs. In this, a small amount of anesthesia is given to make it unconscious. In this you will feel sleepy and are kept stress free from the operation which is being done. In this type of anesthesia, a person will keep talking to you.

Sedation – These types of medicines come in this type of anesthesia, which gives you physical and mental comfort. They are sometimes used during minor pain surgeries.

Effects of anesthesia on our body
In the field of medicine, anesthesia has solved a huge problem of doctors. Anesthesia is required during every operation and surgery. However, there are some reports in which such things have also come to the fore that anesthesia can have a bad effect on our body. According to a study, patients who are given anesthesia take a long time to return to their work again. Anesthesia also leaves its effect on our brain. Patients receiving anesthesia often have symptoms of high blood pressure, nervousness, confusion, etc. Apart from this, many other symptoms can also be found in the patient to whom anesthesia is given.

  • urge to vomit
  • dizziness or fainting
  • chills
  • headache and itchy feeling
  • bruising at the site where the anesthesia is administered
  • having trouble urinating
  • patient has persistent pain

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