World Brain Tumor Day: The International Association of Cancer Rights (IARC), which comes under the World Health Organization, has claimed in its Globocan Report 2020 that more than 31,000 thousand brain tumor cases are being registered every year in India. What is even more serious here is that the lives of more than 28,000 people who succumbed to brain tumors could not be saved. The situation is that this serious disease, which threatens life, has now come to the tenth position in India and the outbreak of this serious disease is increasing rapidly.
Neurosurgeon Dr. Aditya Gupta of Artemis Hospital, Gurugram, explains that brain tumor is a collection of abnormal cells of the brain. Brain tumor cases come to the fore according to different ages. In many cases, this tumor takes the form of cancer and proves to be fatal. Sometimes these tumors are also non-cancerous. That is, its effect is not that dangerous. When both these types of tumors grow, then the head becomes very heavy and there is a risk of death along with causing brain damage. Brain tumor and other life-threatening diseases can be avoided by timely operation.
How to recognize brain tumor symptoms
According to Dr. Aditya Gupta, having a headache is considered an early symptom of brain tumour. However, the symptoms of a tumor depend on the size of the tumor and in which part of the brain it is located. In some cases, tumors directly affect the tissues of the brain, while some feel problems around the brain. Other main symptoms of brain tumor include severe headache in the morning, vomiting, blurred vision or two things in front of the eyes, poor brain function, seizures, weakness on any part of the face. Having trouble with physical activity is also included.
What are the types of brain tumors
According to Dr. Aditya Gupta, brain tumor is divided into two parts – primary and secondary. When a tumor grows inside the brain, it is called a primary brain tumor. Usually this tumor can be mild. Secondary tumor is when cancer spreads from other parts of the body to the brain. That is, after leaving the lungs or breast, cancer cells reach the brain.
How is primary brain tumor caused?
Primary brain tumor can be mild or cancerous. Talking about youth, brain tumor of gliomas type is found most among them. Apart from this, tumors arising from the membranes of the brain and spinal cord are also found in young people, it is called meningiomas. This tumor can arise from brain cells ie brain cells, can be from nerve cells, can be from pituitary ie gland located at the lowest part of the brain. This tumor can also grow from the membranes that surround the brain.
Secondary tumor is very dangerous
Dr. Aditya Gupta told that this can also be called a dangerous stage of tumor. If someone has a secondary tumour, then understand that it is brain cancer. This is a cancer that spreads from other parts of the body to the brain. That is, if someone is suffering from lung cancer, breast cancer, kidney cancer or skin cancer, then it can affect the brain of that person and he can have a secondary brain tumor. It is considered very dangerous.
Who is at risk of brain tumor?
Citing a study, Dr. Gupta said that only 5-10 percent of cancer cases are those who have a family history. In the case of brain tumours, this has been seen very rarely. That is, if someone in your family has or has had a brain tumor, then your chances of getting this disease are very less. But yes, it is necessary that if there is a problem of tumor in someone’s family, then they should have frequent health checkups and keep taking suggestions from the doctor.
Age: Tumor usually strikes more people above 55 years of age, but there have also been cases where children of 3-15 years were affected by tumors. Both boys and girls can fall prey to it. Apart from this, if a person’s work is such that he lives around chemicals or radiation, then the risk of brain tumor increases to a great extent.
brain tumor treatment
The treatment of brain tumor patients starts with their physical test. The medical history of the patient is seen. After the physical test, doctors conduct some more tests, which include CT scan, MRI, and F-MRI.
CT Scan: A CT scan of the head of a tumor patient is done. Doctors do not get much information from X-rays, so CT is done. So that the blood vessels can be seen closely.
MRI: MRI means Magnetic Resonance Imaging. To understand the things inside the body more clearly, doctors do MRI. It is different from CT scan and where the tumor is located in it is known.
f-MRI: This is the next part of the MRI itself. Although nowadays MRI can detect the exact position of the tumor, but with the help of functional-MRI, it can also be seen which part of the brain is working. Its results are very accurate.
Also read: Know what is the history and importance of World Brain Tumor Day
How effective is tumor treatment?
About 45% of cases of brain tumors are such that are non-cancerous, that is, in which there is no risk of cancer. Therefore, if the tumor is treated on time, then the patients get cured and their brain starts working normally. There is a belief among most of the people that if a brain operation is done, then it creates a condition like paralysis forever. People need to be told that in today’s era, brain operations are done with zero risk in very safe ways with high-tech equipment. For this a better center is needed.
Also read: How Deadly Are Brain Tumors In Children? Know its symptoms, causes, risks from experts
Now tumor operation with endoscopy
Due to the new advances in the field of neurosurgery, very few incisions are made for brain tumor operations. Through endoscopy, neurosurgeons can very easily detect and treat the condition inside the brain. An endoscope is a thin tube-like instrument with a camera attached to it, and with the help of this, doctors are able to remove the tumor from the brain without harming the healthy part of the brain. Now tumor operations are also done through Cyberknife radiosurgery, the result of which is 100 percent. That is, there is no risk and no pain in it. This surgery is specifically for patients with non-cancerous tumours.
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FIRST PUBLISHED : June 08, 2022, 19:02 IST