Today ‘World Mental Health Day’ is being celebrated.
The World Federation for Mental Health, the World Health Organization had announced this day in 1992.
World Mental Health Day 2022: World Mental Health Day is celebrated every year on 10 October. The World Federation for Mental Health and the World Health Organization together announced in the year 1992 to celebrate ‘World Mental Health Day’ on this day (10 October). Since then this day was celebrated every year. The purpose of celebrating this day is to increase awareness among people towards maintaining better mental health. Along with this, it is also to educate people about mental health and reduce the stigma present in the society regarding mental health issues. Every year it is celebrated under a special theme. This year, WHO has kept the theme of ‘World Mental Health Day 2022’ as ‘Making Mental Health and Well-being for All a Global Priority’.
Read also: Stress Side Effects: Excess ‘stress’ can spoil physical and mental health, know how to prevent it
factors affecting mental health
Dr. Prerna Kukreti, Psychiatrist at Lady Hardinge Medical College (New Delhi) She says that mental health can be affected by many factors such as biological, psychological and social factors. Biological factors i.e. when there is a chemical change in the brain, then a person can have mental problems. Psychological factors are related to the personality of the person. How are the social conditions of a person in social cause, it also has a lot of effect on mental health. In this, how is the job profile, work pressure, family’s hopes about you, what are the expectations, job loss, etc. things also affect the mental health of a person to a great extent. Many times, due to physical illness, lack of confidence, low self-esteem, family fights, loss of a loved one, etc., the health of the mind is also affected badly.
- biological factors
- psychological factors
- multi-element factors
- hereditary factors
- environmental factors
- economic factors
- social factors
mental health diseases
Dr. Prerna Kukreti It is said that the most common mental diseases are anxiety disorder and depressive disorder. These are also called common mental disorders. Anxiety disorder includes many disorders, such as panic disorder, traumatic stress related disorder. Apart from these, severe mental illnesses are schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, etc. However, the percentage of their occurrence is much lower than that of common mental disorders. There are some childhood-related disorders, such as autism, attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), mood disorders, eating disorders, personality disorders, etc. Nowadays substance use disorder has also become common.
- Behavioral and emotional disorders in children
- Dissociation and dissociative disorder
- bipolar disorder
- stress and depression
- anxiety disorder
- eating disorder
- obsessive compulsive disorder
- paranoia or hallucinations
- psychosis or psychosis
Read also: Child Mental Health: These actions of children can be a sign of deteriorating mental health, know expert opinion
symptoms of poor mental health
Dr. Prerna Kukreti It says that mental disorders or diseases can affect a person’s way of thinking, behavior and feelings to a great extent. affect mood. If you see symptoms like self-steam, lack of enthusiasm, feeling apprehensive, anxiety, stress, being anxious, avoiding talking to people, not feeling like going out, work productivity is poor, then get alert. One thing to note is how long these symptoms are visible in the person. It is normal to happen occasionally, but if this happens continuously for two-three weeks, if it starts having a negative effect on your personal and professional life, then you should definitely contact the doctor.
What to do to keep mental health fit
If your mental health remains good, then your whole body will work properly. For this it is very important that you follow a regular routine. Try to keep your mind happy. To keep the mind healthy, avoid taking stress in life. Nowadays people do not even get enough sleep. It affects mental health to a great extent. In such a situation, it is very important to pay attention to sleep hygiene. Share your mind to stay mentally healthy. Have a positive attitude towards life. Read and write good things. To stay mentally fit, practice yoga and meditation. Mental illness can happen to anyone, do not take it as a stigma. Talk with your family, friends. Do the things that hobbies enjoy doing.
Tags:, Lifestyle, mental health, World mental health day
FIRST PUBLISHED : October 10, 2022, 06:00 IST