World No Tobacco Day: Every year 31st May is known as World No Tobacco Day (No Tobacco Day). of the World Health Organization (WHO) according, Every year more than 8 million people die from tobacco all over the world. Tobacco not only harms the people who consume it, but also harms the people who come in contact with it. In the world, more than 7 million deaths from tobacco are due to direct tobacco use, while about 1.2 million deaths are the result of exposure to its smoke. If we talk about India, then WHO according About 13.5 lakh deaths occur in India every year due to consumption of tobacco products. According to WHO statistics, every year about 41,000 youth and about 400 children die due to direct or indirect exposure to tobacco smoke. When you quit tobacco or cigarettes, the nicotine found in it remains in the blood for 3 to 10 days.
Actually, 10 mg of nicotine is found in a medium-sized cigarette, while the body is able to absorb only 1 mg of nicotine. Enzymes found in the body during tobacco consumption break it down into the by-product Cotinine. It stays in the body for a long time. Exercise is effective in getting rid of it. Dr. Puneet Khanna, HOD of Respiratory Medicine at Manipal Hospital, Dwarka, Delhi, told how tobacco harms our body.
risk of diseases
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDS) according People who use or smoke tobacco have 2 to 4 times the risk of coronary heart disease, 2 to 4 times the risk of stroke and up to 25 times the risk of lung cancer. It also causes TB and serious respiratory diseases.
The carbon monoxide gas found in tobacco smoke reduces oxygen in the blood. The nicotine found in it increases blood pressure by affecting the activity of brain and muscles. Apart from this, the smoke damages the blood vessels and makes them thick and narrow. Due to this the heart has to work harder, as a result, the blood pressure increases. Heart diseases start happening.
Nicotine weakens the ability of neutrophils, due to which the immunity of the body starts decreasing. Apart from this, the tar produced by smoking, together with other toxins, destroys the antibodies helpful in fighting the disease.
Smoking affects the subcortical part of the brain. This part of the brain is associated with pleasure, hormone production and memory. Smoking reduces the volume of the brain. This leads to complex problems like dementia or disorientation.
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Tobacco smoke increases the mucus cells of the lungs. Because the lungs cannot remove mucus on their own, it tends to collect in the airways. This mucus increases the infection. Apart from this, smoke slows down the activity of fibers called cilia found in the lungs. The function of the cilia is to clean the lungs and push the mucus out through the mouth. By smoking cigarettes continuously, their number in the lungs also decreases. Apart from this, smoking is the main cause of lung cancer.
Tobacco contains chemicals that affect the part of the brain responsible for vision. As a result, problems like loss of vision, cataracts, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy begin to occur prematurely.
How to Quit Tobacco and Smoking?
Write it down why you want to leave
It is said that what is written on paper always motivates. So whenever you decide to quit tobacco or cigarette, write it on a paper. Always remember the reason why you want to leave. This will always motivate you.
Decide when to leave
You often think that just, not after today. But then the same routine starts. So if you really want to quit tobacco or cigarettes, then fix a date. And after that start the practice of quitting. First of all, reduce the number of cigarettes or gutkha etc. consumed throughout the day. Such as smoking a cigarette or chewing tobacco during a walk, after tea and meals or just in the morning. Reduce them.
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identify the trigger
It is said that quitting tobacco is also a good deed, just as good work is managed. Manage this too. Its management eliminates your addiction or habit, so identify the trigger, there are two types of triggers. First habit and second emotion. These include daily routines, events, activities and emotions. Track how you feel after chewing tobacco or smoking a cigarette. These are your triggers. Some other things like pumpkin seeds, roasted flaxseed are beneficial to manage them. Chew on toothpicks, straws or cinnamon sticks. They reduce the desire for tobacco.
Tags:, Health News, Lifestyle, World No Tobacco Day
FIRST PUBLISHED : May 31, 2022, 06:00 IST