New Delhi. After dengue, malaria, chikungunya, now many state governments have also issued an alert regarding Zika virus. Let us tell you that scientists had made a big disclosure in a study recently regarding the spread of Zika virus. Scientists had received evidence related to the spread of Zika virus in many states of the country, after which the Health Ministry had issued an alert to all the states. Instructions were given to increase Since then, the Health Department has issued an alert regarding Zika virus in many states of the country including UP.
Recently, different centers under the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) have together found out that Zika virus is present in many parts of the country, not one or two. Along with this infection, the role of dengue and chikungunya is also being seen as helpful. In a study published in the medical journal Frontiers, scientists have clearly said that in the recent past, a serious situation of Zika virus has been seen in India. Last year, cases of Zika virus were reported from many states including UP, Gujarat. According to Dr. Nivedita Gupta, Senior Scientist of ICMR, between May and October last year, after collecting samples of 1475 patients from 13 states of the country, the investigation was done. During this period, Zika virus was confirmed in 67 patients, dengue in 121 and Chikungunya in 10 patients. Symptoms of Zika virus were present in all people.
Last year, cases of Zika virus were reported from many states including UP, Gujarat.
What have scientists said about the Zika virus?
According to ICMR, last year 84 per cent of the patients had fever and 78 per cent had symptoms of red rash on the body. In some samples, we observed Zika-Dengue, Zika-Chikungunya and Dengue-Chikungunya as well as all three Zika symptoms together. Therefore, if this spread increases further in the next few days, then there can be a very worrying situation for the country.
what is zika virus
Let us tell you that the first case of Zika virus in the world was found in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys. But, the first case in humans was found in 1952. The first case of Zika in India was reported in January 2017 in Ahmadamad. After that, the second was found in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu in July the same year. This virus is transmitted to humans through infected mosquitoes. But, the good thing is that Zika virus is not spread by all mosquitoes, nor can everyone get infected by the bite of infected mosquitoes. People who travel to areas with Zika virus infection are most at risk of Zika virus.
The Zika virus is mainly spread through the bite of infected mosquitoes of the Aedes species.
How does the Zika virus spread?
The Zika virus is mainly spread through the bite of infected mosquitoes of the Aedes species. There is a risk of spreading Zika virus infection from one person to another when two people have a physical relationship. If the partner is infected, the Zika virus can also spread through oral and anal sex. Zika virus can be spread from an infected pregnant woman to her baby and also through blood.
These are the symptoms of Zika virus
In the case of Zika virus, there may be a flu-like fever. Rash, headache, joint pain, muscle pain, conjunctivitis and red eyes may occur. According to the US health organization Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cases of death due to Zika are rare. Usually the targets of the virus are mild and in very severe cases the patient needs to be taken to the hospital.
The effect of Zika virus has spread to more than 86 countries of the world.
How at risk are pregnant women from the Zika virus?
An unborn child born to a pregnant woman infected with Zika infection is at increased risk of birth defects and other neurodevelopmental problems. However, it cannot be said with certainty that if a pregnant woman becomes infected with the Zika virus, the child will have neurodevelopmental disturbances.
Also read: After Corona, now dengue has also increased concern, Health Ministry has given necessary instructions to the states
In September 2016 itself, scientists said in an estimate based on a study that the largest population of people living within the geographic range of Zika virus was India 1.2 billion, China 242 million, Indonesia 197 million, Nigeria 179 million, Pakistan 168 million. And Bangladesh is in 16.3 crores. He had said, 1.2 billion people in India were at risk of Zika. At present, the effect of Zika virus has spread to more than 86 countries of the world.
Tags: Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya, ICMR, Zika Vaccine, Zika Virus, Zika Virus Symptoms
FIRST PUBLISHED : July 11, 2022, 12:40 IST